There are six steps to help you better understand the pest andhow to deal with it: 1. What is it? 2. Where does the pest live, breed, and what does it eat? 3. How many pests are there? 4. How many pests are too many? 5. What is the best way to get rid of the pest? 6. How well are your pest management efforts working? Where are Pests Found and How Do I Prevent/Get Rid of Them? Termites – Found in wood that is in direct contact with the soil; stored newspapers and cardboard boxes; wood (e.g., tree stumps and construction debris buried in backfill); fence posts; wall voids; porches. To get rid of them you must break the wood-to-soil contact; remove scrap wood and paper debris; improve drainage away from structure; inspect vapor barriers; improve ventilation in crawl spaces. Termite Baiting - Termite baits consist of paper, cardboard, or other acceptable termite food, combined with a slowacting substance lethal to termites. Dig holes about 6" deep, big enough for the bait stations. Always be alert for utility wires, water pipes, gas lines, etc. When backfilling the dirt after the station is placed in the ground, make sure there are no air pockets around the bait stations. Also, make sure the lip of the station is flush with the ground. Make sure to mark the location of the bait stations. Liquid Termiticides - Traditional / Barrier Treatments - For outside basement walls apply the chemical by injecting it along the foundation through a hollow rod attached at the end. This is called "rodding". The result is a continuous chemical barrier from footing to surface. This should be applied to both the inside and outside of the foundation and also around piers, chimney bases, pipes, conduits, and other structures in contact to the soil. Traditional - Conventional Chemical Termite Treatments - The insecticides remain effective in the soil for approximately 5 to 10 years. Each product has slight advantages and disadvantages. Conventional treatment for termite control requires the services of a licensed exterminator. Several firms in Ontario are qualified, and your Yellow Pages or a Local Search for Pest Control will assist you in locating companies in your area. Ants – Found in water damaged wood; fence posts; decking; firewood; door and window voids; attics; utility piping; dead parts of trees and stumps; tree branches contacting roof; kitchen cabinets; wall voids; gaps under doors and around utility piping; house plants; cracks in pavement; under landscape timbers, rocks and mulch. To get rid of them you must eliminate the conditions that favor moisture accumulation; move and aerate firewood; remove dead trees, stumps and overhanging branches contacting house as well as rotten railroad ties in landscape; remove food sources; seal all cracks and crevices; locate and eliminate nests; correct drainage in houseplants; seal cracks in pavement and concrete slabs. Ant Baits - a ready to use product for use in controlling carpenter ants and other ants both indoors and outdoors Ant Killer Bait Gel - provides fast control of ants in 3-5 days. It is a fast acting bait, but slow enough so that the foraging ants return to the colony and feed the bait to larvae and queen(s) so that the entire colony is killed through this type of Domino effect.
Insecticide and Aerosol For Inside and Outside Ant Control - long-lasting, and effective at controlling entire ant and roach populations by striking ants inside your home where they cause the most trouble. But if you have an ant problem, the ants in your house probably have their nests outside-they travel back and forth. Cockroaches – Found in kitchens; grocery bags; unrefrigerated vegetables; toasters, radios and TVs; bathrooms; electrical and plumbing conduits; floor drains. To prevent them you must clean up spilled foods and water; eliminate harborage and pathway areas by sealing or screening; repair water leaks; increase ventilation; inspect incoming foods and packaging. Residual Sprays - control of most pests within minutes, and offers a residual that can last up to several months, even at considerably low use rates. Granulars - applied along the outside perimeter of the home in a 5 to 10 feet band as a perimeter barrier. A normal application would be around 4 pounds. It can also be used in crawl spaces. It is safe towards non-target animals such as birds, reptiles and mammals. Roach Bait Gel - will kill up to 40 other roaches via droppings and dead bodies. Roaches are cannibalistic and will eat other dead or dying roaches. The roaches are not social insects like ants and termites; they do not carry the bait back to feed the young. Aerosol "bombs" - very popular because they are perhaps the easiest way to kill exposed roaches without much effort, just push the button and leave the premises for a couple of hours. Mice & Rats – Found under sinks; kitchen cabinets; stored food; storage areas; wall voids; inside appliances; closets; firewood; attics; garages; and basements. To prevent them you must install physical barriers; eliminate food and water; remove nesting sites; inspect incoming boxes. Snap Traps, Glue Traps and Live Traps - spring-loaded traps are easy and safe to use. Place traps on a hard surface, perpendicular to a wall so that the trigger end is toward the wall. Traps should be set in areas where there is high activity such as fresh droppings, gnawings, rub marks, burrows, or urine stains. Rat and Mice Bait and Bait Stations - poison baits that come in seed, pellets, liquid or block forms. Space baits between 15 and 50 feet apart for rats (mice bait placements are much closer). Use closer spacing of bait placements in a heavy infestation, placing bait between their harboraging areas and food sources. Domestic House Spiders - Found in holes or cracks in a structure; basements; crawl spaces; attics; garages; basements; and outdoors in vegetation. To get rid of them you must remove or limit heavy, ground-covering vegetation; seal cracks and holes in building exteriors; install tight-fitting screens on all attic and foundation vents; seal holes around pipes indoors to prevent spiders from entering the home along plumbing lines in basements or crawl spaces. Wettable Powder Insecticide - Spray around all entry points like doors and windows, spray along baseboards, indoor plumbing connections, in the basements and garages, and sprayed in the upper corners where they may web. Aerosol - For indoor and outdoor use. Killing action and residual control. Dusts/Dusters - Odorless, non-staining. Does not clump or absorb moisture Flying Insects – Found in garbage; faulty plumbing; eaves; attics; light fixtures; wall voids; puddles of water and other moist areas. To prevent them you must install or repair screens; change lighting; improve drainage; remove garbage daily; keep trashcans clean and tightly covered; repair cracks around siding, windows and doors. Bed Bugs - Bed bugs can live in almost any crevice or protected location. They will usually stay close to their food source (blood) but can rapidly spread through a multiple residence building, hotel or other accommodations. The most common place to find them is the bed. Bed bugs often hide within seams, tufts, and crevices of the mattress, box spring, bed frame and headboard. What are the best ways to prevent pest problems in the home? · Repair all screens and seal any cracks or openings in walls and around windows and doors. · Keep woodpiles, leaves and landscape plantings away from the walls of your house. · Prevent carpenter ants problems by protecting wood surfaces from decay and repairing damaged wood surfaces (e.g., steps, decks, windowsills). · Avoid ants in the kitchen by cleaning up drips and spills of any sweets like ketchup and jam. Also, ants use scent trails left by other ants to find food sources in your house - wiping up the scent trail with soap and water will reduce indoor ant problems
Published for the Real Estate Community by: Tom Vattovaz Hamilton Region 905-572-1116 Canadian Home Inspection Services Construction Engineering Technologist, Niagara Region 905-356-1141 Registered Home Inspector, Other Areas 800-463-1141 Septic & WETT Certified