The Inability to close a purchase for lack of mortgage funds can occur for any number of reasons. some of which are:
Not Acting in Time: The buyer may not have acted within the time frame specified in the offer to arrange a mortgage and, instead of requesting an extension of time, removes the mortgage condition on the assumption that arranging a mortgage is “no problem. Left with a condition-free offer the buyer scrambles to get the mortgage funds and ends up with a high-rate private mortgage with high upfront fees and payout penalties.
a. Seller Won’t Extend: Alternatively, the seller is getting a lot of interest and refuses the buyer’s request to extend the mortgage condition. The buyer takes the risk of removing the condition making the agreement firm and binding. In this scenario, the mortgage company is often awaiting additional paperwork from the buyer before committing, such as: tax assessments or a letter of employment and income verification.
b. A Conditional Approval: The lender may have given the buyer an approval conditional on the appraisal of the home being purchased and buyer removes condition. The seller who might not allow an appraiser to view the property once the mortgage condition is removed.
Buyer Misunderstand the Process: The buyer may fail to understand that aside from being approved, the lender may want to approve the home by way of an appraisal. The lender will approve a mortgage based on the lesser of the purchase price or the appraised price. The buyer could be caught short of downpayment funds if the valuation cannot justify the price paid.
The buyer makes a cash offer in the hope of negotiating a lower price, all the while knowing that funds need to be borrowed to close the sale. This approach too can be harmful if sufficient funds cannot subsequently be borrowed. The mortgage stress test for conventional mortgaging added to this dilemma when it came into effect.
Credit Purchases Before Closing: Prior to closing the buyer makes substantial credit card purchases--for say furniture and appliances--that negatively affect credit qualification. Then the lender, as a common practice, checks the buyer’s credit one last time before closing and discovers that the credit purchases no longer qualify the buyer for the needed mortgage. Buyers would be wise to avoid this between signing an offer to purchase and closing date.
Incomplete Paperwork: The mortgage agent or representative for the lender did not have all of the proper paperwork in place and the mortgage, conditional on documents to be received, was withdrawn.