Golden Horseshoe Tax on Foreign Investors (Non-Resident Speculation Tax – NRST) to go into effect on May 5th, 2017!

The non-resident speculation tax (NRST) is a 15 per cent tax on the purchase or acquisition of an interest in residential property located in the Greater Golden Horseshoe (GGH) by individuals who are not citizens or permanent residents of Canada or by foreign corporations (“foreign entities”) and taxable trustees.

Upon the enactment of legislation, the NRST will be effective as of April 21, 2017. 
Binding agreements of purchase and sale signed on or before April 20, 2017 are not subject to the NRST.


The Ministry of Finance recommends that all transfers registered on or after April 21, 2017, include one of the three statements regarding the Non-Resident Speculation Tax (NRST) as set out in the “Payment of the NRST” section below.

Completing this will become mandatory as of May 5, 2017.  However, during the transition period from April 21 to May 5, 2017, omitting one of these statements will not affect the registration of the transaction or incur penalties.

The NRST applies in addition to the general land transfer tax in Ontario.

The GGH includes the following geographic areas: Brant, Dufferin, Durham, Haldimand, Halton, Hamilton, Kawartha Lakes, Niagara, Northumberland, Peel, Peterborough, Simcoe, Toronto, Waterloo, Wellington and York. 

For more information visit:

Fool's Gold: Avoiding the Pitfalls of Real Estate Investment

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Even though real estate is a great investment, it takes more than the luck of the Irish to make money. Most of the world’s wealthiest people have made their millions with the help of savvy real estate investments and for the rest of us, it is fairly easy to make money on real estate, even simply by owning our own home. But there are potential problem areas that one should be aware of whether you are purchasing a home to live in or buying an entire city block. Be sure to work with a realtor who knows the potential pit falls, plan time to do the research and have a team of experts on your side.

For more information feel free to contact me at

Try the Seller 30-Day Nuclear Option

What’s Holding You Back?

Many home owners holding back on selling their home grapple with a very important dual question:
“Where am I going to go and what’s it going to cost?

With the shortage of listings:

  • the extreme demand due to the influx of buyers spilling into our region,
  • the ensuing frenetic buying with multiple competing buyers vying for the same home, and
  • the guessing game as to how high a listing might sell for beyond list price,

the twofold question is definitely relevant.

More specifically the concerns are: “What if I sell my home, can’t find what I am looking for or keep getting outbid? Now my sale has a set closing date and I have nowhere to go. Even rentals are getting hard to find. Now what am I going to do? I’d just a soon stay where I am.”

Two Possible Solutions to the Perceived Chaos

  1. We’ve had cases in which the buyer was either an investor or had alternate accommodation. So the buyer agreed to close the deal and rent the home to the seller, giving the seller four to six months to find another home to move to. This could be for the purchase of a resale or the purchase of a new home being built.
  2. We’ve also had situations in which the seller agreed to sell the home on condition that they find suitable accommodation within a given period of time. The condition might be for two weeks and even thirty days. In today’s frenzied market some buyers are willing to wait.

Hence the 30-Day Nuclear Option to Sell

Given these possibilities, one of our salespeople recently had two different sellers agree to list their properties with a condition of thirty days for the seller to relocate; and succeeded in finding them another home to buy. No, it’s not perfect and it doesn’t work all the time. It does, however, protect the sellers. If they don’t find another home to buy or don’t successfully compete on a purchase or two, the deal is off and they get to stay in their home.

Condition Can Start After Buyer Conditions, if any

In addition, sellers can also make the condition start after the buyers have removed all of their conditions, if any. Say the buyers have a mortgage and a home inspection condition. The seller’s “satisfactory suitable accommodation” condition doesn’t start until the buyer has removed his two conditions. In this heated market, many accepted offers have few if any conditions, so the thirty days can start right away.

It’s a Risk-Free Approach

Granted, making the move is not foolproof. Yet the “30-Day Nuclear Option to Sell” does eliminate risk: you don’t buy another home, you stay put. If a seller is getting a lot of interest some buyer might readily agree. The buyer might even consider closing and renting to you temporarily before your conditions expires to not lose the purchase.    

Low Rate Mortgage Can be Highly Restrictive

One basis point on a mortgage amounts to 1/100th of 1%

In an interesting article by the Editor of, Mr. Robert McLister wrote that one 1 basis point (bps) equals one one-hundredth of one percent or .01%. So on a $300,000 mortgage 1 bps represents “a scant $1.49 a month” in the mortgage payment. What’s even more insightful is Mr. McLister’s following statement, “From the way some folks select a mortgage, however, it might as well be $149 a month.” The article was published May 18, 2015.

Lowest rates have spawned restrictive or “no frills” mortgages

Still today, mortgage hunters tend to shop for a mortgage strictly on the lowest rate offered regardless of terms. This generates offers with as little as 1-2 bps compared to the next lowest competitor. As a side effect, these low rates come with a variety of restrictions generally ignored at time of purchase. 

 “No Frills” mortgages reduce prepayments and more

These restrictions can have any number of limitations: reduce the prepayment privilege, make a payout before maturity highly expensive or more difficult than normal to discharge, increase the penalty if increasing the size of the loan whether moving or renovating.

Specific examples of limitations 

Gidia Molinaro, mortgage agent for Centum Omni Mortgage Corp. notes some of the following difficulties with “No Frills” mortgages:

  • A rate sale with a low term often limits the prepayment option to only 5% per year compared to the typical 15-20%. If you plan on prepaying from an employment bonus or income tax rebate, this restricts the amount you can prepay to reduce your mortgage.
  • You might have prepayment privileges but can only payout the mortgage in full upon sale of the property.
  • If you have a mortgage which doesn't allow payouts unless the home is sold, you might not be able to refinance for more money with the same lender.
  • If you want to refinance during the term, it has to be with the same lender. Your current rate on the existing mortgage and the increase will result in a blended rate. Typically the result is a higher rate.
  • If you choose a promotional mortgage, your are teased with an extremely low rate for the first year or two; after the rate jumps up to say the posted rate. This usually ends up costing more than a fixed five year mortgage.

The Importance of Being Barefoot! (By Christa Barrete)


Recent scientific studies reveal that taking off your shoes and walking barefoot on the natural earth has surprising benefits for your health! Walking barefoot creates a sensual sense of delight, and having your bare soles kneaded by the rugged ground can be as pleasurable as getting a professional (and expensive!) foot massage. There are reflexology points in your feet which connect to every organ in the body, and walking barefoot on uneven natural terrain stimulates pressure points in the feet.


But more than that, it is impossible to have a natural gait while wearing shoes. While shoes can protect our feet as we walk in the city and over sharp objects, they are no substitute for the precise shape of the soles of our feet. The unnatural shape of our shoes will throws our body out of its natural alignment over time, and while this causes no major concerns for some, for others it can cause problems such as hip and back pain that has no conventionally diagnoseable origin.

Walking barefoot allows for a natural gait, giving your body the chance to align itself and move freely. Walking barefoot for a period of time each day frees up tension stored in the muscles from shoe-wearing and allows the body to move naturally and freely, which improves posture and reduces stress build up.

Walking barefoot also literally grounds of the human body. Human beings are electrical in nature and electrons in the body have a charge. When our bodies have a predominantly positive charge, we feel stressed and can experience dis-ease. Positively charged ions or ‘free radicals’ are responsible for health problems ranging from aging to inflammation. Free radicals occur in the body as a result of exposure to un-natural environments, electronic equipment like computers, and the consumption of unhealthy foods.

Walking barefoot allows free radicals to move through our feet and be discharged into the earth. As the unhealthy positive ions are leaving the body, the beneficial negative ions from the earth travel up through our feet into our bodies. This cannot occur when wearing shoes, because they have rubber soles that effectively insulate us against this electric energy. When we have more negative ions in the body, we feel relaxed and happy, and negative ions in the body have been associated with a reduction in inflammation and dis-ease.

For more information on the benefits of walking barefoot and other great health tips, visit Christa’s Facebook page:


This blog entry will be different from previous ones because I want to share a very personal experience with you in the hopes of helping you avoid the same headache that I have been dealing with for the past week. On Friday February 3rd I attended a 3-day conference in Toronto. Since I arrived early, my luggage was stored until I was able to check into my room. At some point between unloading the luggage and moving it to storage, the briefcase with my laptop disappeared.


Apparently it is actually very easy to walk off with someone else's luggage when hundreds of business people with similar suitcases are all arriving around the same time. On Monday in the afternoon I received a call from hotel security notifying me that my briefcase has been located. Some items were taken and the briefcase and laptop were dirty and banged up, and of course my private laptop was likely in the hands of strangers for 3 full days. As a result of this incident, I have learned a lot about identity theft, common scams, and more, and I really want to share what I learned so that this doesn’t happen to you (and so that you will know exactly what to do in case that it does!).

1.      Whether you are going on a day trip or on a long vacation, take only what is absolutely necessary! The more items you bring, the more items you could potentially lose.

2.     Put your name and contact number on your computer, either by engraving it or marking it in some other way so that whoever finds it will be able to contact you without needing to open the computer to find your information.

3.     Make sure that you computer is password-protected so that strangers cannot easily gain access to it.

4.     Don’t keep all of your important files on just one device/computer. Be sure to back up your important documents so that you can access them even in the event that your computer is lost.

5.   Be sure to back up your files on a regular basis and do not save your passwords on your computer. It is harder to remember and keep inputting them each time, but in case your laptop is lost you will be grateful that strangers will not have access to all of your passwords.

Remember that if your computer is lost or your house is broken into, you are at risk for identity theft. To protect yourself from such threats, you can take the following steps:

1.   Contact the post office and ask them to notify you in the event that someone tries to change your mail forwarding address.

2.  Contact both consumer credit bureaus (Equifax and Transunion) and ask them to post a fraud alert on your credit cards. This means that you will be contacted anytime your score/report is accessed to obtain credit. These alerts will stay on your file for 6 years. There is a charge of $5.50 for Equifax and $5.65 for Transunion, and they will take credit card payment when the alerts are activated. If you would like to have the alerts put on, you will need to contact each one individually – it is automated, and they verify personal information on the call prior to the alert. Contact numbers: Equifax - 1-800-465-7166, Transunion 1-877-525-3823

3.   Go to your bank and change your bank cards and/or bank numbers.

4.   Contact your credit card company and talk to the fraud department about getting a new credit card and new credit card number issued to you.

5.   Contact everyone on your contact list and all of your Facebook friends and inform them about the potential identity theft attempt and ask them to contact you right away if they notice anything out of the ordinary in your circles.

This experience has been very stressful but also very educational for me, and my biggest takeaway from all of this was that this type of thing happens all the time! I hope that the tips I offered can help you avoid the trouble I had to go through, and that it will help you protect yourself and your loved ones from identity thieves and scammers.

Two Ways an "As Is" Clause is Used in House Sale Contract

  1. If you are selling a property that needs a fair amount of work, your salesperson may suggest or insert an “as is’ clause in any offer you receive, either as a schedule sent to the buyer’s agent with direction to include it with the offer or write it in a counter offer to the buyer. As well, the listing remarks will likely state, “property sold “as is’”.
  2. Such a clause is typically used in the sale of properties in which the seller may be a mortgagee selling under power of sale, an estate trustee selling an estate, or a power of attorney for property selling on behalf of the registered owner. Each of these signing authorities do not live in the property being sold and can’t, therefore, vouch for its condition.

A typical “as is” clause basically says:

  • The buyer accepts the property on an “as is” basis with no seller representation or warranty as to the fitness, state of repair, defects in workmanship or condition of the property;
  • The seller has no responsibility to remedy any defects or complete any unfinished work;
  • The buyer has relied entirely on his own inspections and investigations as to any defects, as well as quality and value of the property.

Buyer Obligations

In reference to the last point above, the buyer is entitled to perform his due diligence. So aside from a condition to obtain a mortgage, he can include any conditions that concern him, such as home inspection, zoning, legal usage and cost to remedy stated defects to name a few. Hence an “as is” clause does not hamper the buyer from making sure he knows what he is buying.

Seller Obligations

There does seem to be evidence that some salespeople misunderstand the “as is” clause with respect to sellers. You’ll sometimes hear a salesperson say something like this,
“With the ‘as is’ clause the seller has no obligation to disclose anything.”

This is a mistaken interpretation. The Seller has an obligation to disclose a hidden or latent defect in spite of the “as is” clause. Further, if the seller corrected a defect there is no guaranteeing that the problem might not reappear, so this too should be disclosed.

Why Niagara Falls is known as the Honeymoon Capital of the World

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There is no better time to stop and appreciate that we live in Niagara than the month of February, when Valentine’s Day is just around the corner and many couples flock to Niagara Falls, the Honeymoon Capital of the World! But did you ever wonder how Niagara Falls earned such a prestigious and internationally-recognized title?

The first recorded honeymoon trip to Niagara Falls dates back to 1802 when Theodosia Burr (daughter of then US Vice-President Aaron Burr) visited the falls with husband Joseph Alston. It is also said that Napoleon Bonaparte’s younger brother Jerome visited Niagara with his bride in the early 1800s. These high-profile visits were the start of a trend, and with the addition of railway lines and the opening of the Erie Canal (which made Niagara much more accessible to visitors), more and more couples began visiting Niagara Falls for their honeymoon. Already in the early 1900s the phrase “Honeymoon Capital of the World” was being used in advertisements and brochures designed to encourage more people to visit Niagara, and the phrase is still used today.

More than 200 years after the first honeymooners came to Niagara Falls, the city continues to be featured on prestigious top 10 lists for the best places in the world to visit for your honeymoon, and many couples are now choosing to tie the knot in Niagara as well. With spectacular attractions like the Maid of the Mist, helicopter rides over the falls, the Sky Wheel observation Ferris Wheel, world-class shows, and ample opportunities for memorable romantic walks and dinners, it is no wonder that Niagara Falls remains a top destination for newlyweds from across the globe.

For those of us lucky enough to live here, it is easy to forget that every year people from all around the globe choose to dedicate a great deal of their time and money just to come to Niagara. What a place to call home!



5 Changes to Ontario’s Land Transfer Tax

1.  Currently the maximum land transfer refund for first time buyers is $2,000. This means no transfer tax is payable on the first $227,500 of the purchase price of a home or value of consideration.

On January 1, 2017, the refund will increase to a maximum of $4,000.

According to the Ontario Government’s, a first time home buyer would pay no Land Transfer Tax on the first $368,000 of the value of consideration. Above $368,000, a qualifying first time buyer would receive the $4,000 maximum refund and would pay for tax beyond that amount.

2.  Currently, the top tax rate is 2% above $400,000 for one or two single family residences.

As of January 1, 2017, the tax rate increases to 2.5% but only on one or two single family homes above $2,000,000.

So this increase would not affect homes less than $2,000,000. 99% of single family homes purchased in 2015 were below that says Ontario.

The tax rate scale will be as follows:

  • 5% up to and including $55,000;
  • 1% above $55,000 and up to and including $250,000;
  • 1.5% above $250,000;
  • 2% above $400,000;
  • 2.5% above $2,000,000 for one or two single family residences.

Commercial, industrial, multi-residential and agricultural properties will go to 2% above $400,000 with no increase beyond.

3.  Currently all first time buyers are eligible for the refund, regardless of citizenship or residency status.

As of January 1, 2017, the refund will be restricted to Canadian Citizens and permanent residents.

Once a transaction closes, a buyer will have eighteen months to obtain citizenship or permanent resident status and apply for the refund.

4.  Currently the Land Transfer Affidavit includes the allocation of total consideration that includes cash paid, mortgage(s), value of chattels and among other things, the total value of consideration.

As of January 1, 2017 the Province will authorize the collection of additional prescribed information to include the following:

Intended use of the property, residency, citizenship and permanent resident status of the buyers, and type of property (such as residential, commercial, agricultural, industrial or recreational;

5.  Currently land transfer tax is based on the value of consideration; that is typically the purchase price of the property.

The Province will explore calculating LTT from value of consideration to fair market value of the property.

Most other provinces use fair market value for calculating LTT. The government posits that substituting fair market value “reduces opportunities for tax avoidance and promotes fairness.”

Should I Move or Renovate in Spring 2017

Even in the midst of winter many homeowners are already looking ahead to springtime and planning renovations in the hopes of increasing the value of their homes. However, many popular home renovation projects are not worth the money, and if done poorly they can even lower the value of your home. In some cases it is more profitable to sell your current home and buy a new one, and here are some points to consider when making this decision.

  1. The Neighbourhood – Do you like where you live? Does it have all the amenities you need? Does it have potential problems that could motivate you to move? Remember that you can fix a house but you can’t fix a neighbourhood.
  2. The Condition of Your Home – Not all homes are a good candidate for renovation. An older home with foundation issues or other major defects can be a nightmare to renovate, so before you commit to any major projects you need to conduct a thorough assessment of your home’s foundation.
  3. Money Talks – Does renovating your home make financial sense? Not only can renovations be very expensive, but there are also additional costs that we don’t often think about, such as temporary living expenses in case you need to leave your home for the duration of the renovations. Before deciding to move or stay, make sure that you take all potential costs into account.
  4. Zoning Regulations – The regulations regarding zoning change all the time and you need to be up-to-date on all of them before embarking on a major renovation project. If your home is an older one, new zoning regulations could be difficult to navigate as you try to bring all of your modifications and additions up to code.
  5. Home Value – If you want to increase the value of your home in the hopes of selling it in the future, keep in mind that not every renovation adds significant value. While mature trees and fencing will likely add value to your home, a new kitchen is only considered “new” for about 6 months and renovating your deck or building a pool could cost you more than you can hope to get back. For example, in 2014 a midrange composite deck addition required an average of $15,000, but it only added about $11,000 to the resale value of a home.

Think about these points carefully before opting for a big renovation project in the spring. If you are looking for major additions such as a new pool and you are not overly attached to your current neighbourhood, selling your home and moving to a new one is often the more stress-free and profitable option.

For more information, email me today at to schedule a no-charge, no obligation consultation.

How To Keep Your New Year's Resolutions in 5 Easy Steps

With the New Year come new beginnings, and many of us are determined to turn over a new leaf and finally do that one thing that we’ve been putting off for a while. Whether we want to exercise more often, spend more time with the family, or finally go for that big promotion, the New Year is a time when most of us make life changing resolutions. But how can we actually keep these resolutions by the time February roles around?

Here are 5 easy steps to help you stick to your New Year’s resolutions in 2017!

  1. Be Specific! Many people make vague resolutions such as “get in shape” or “work harder” in the New Year, but when your goals are not specific you will not be motivated to work towards them. Instead, commit to losing 10 pounds or exercising at least 3 times a week, and then follow through! You can always move the bar higher as you go, but seeing real and specific results will motivate you to stick to it.
  2. Plan Ahead! Once you pick a specific goal, you need to plan your daily routine around that goal. If your New Year’s resolution is to exercise at least 3 times a week, you have to organize your life in a way that gives you the time to do that. Keeping a written schedule which you can review daily will help to keep you on track.
  3. Be Patient! If your goal is to lose 10 pounds in a month but after a month goes by you still find yourself at the same weight, your first instinct will likely be frustration and you might be tempted to give up altogether. At this point you must remember that everyone is different, and big changes in your daily routine need time to take hold. Stick to your guns and persevere.
  4. Be Flexible! As you pursue your New Year’s resolutions you might encounter unforeseen obstacles. For instance, you might be called into work on a day that you were planning to devote to exercise or some other important activity. Don’t let this throw you off! Success is not an all-or-nothing game, and you can reschedule your activities or even skip a day or two as long as you stay committed for the long haul.
  5. Get Support! Make the commitment to tell your friends and family what your goals are and what you are doing to achieve them. If you do this you will feel a greater incentive to follow through, and your loved ones will be able to support you through the process and remind you of your priorities. The “Buddy System” is an old idea, but that’s because it works.

If you follow these 5 easy steps you will be far more likely to stick to your New Year’s resolutions, and 2017 can be your year for new beginnings and new adventures!